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The disastrous crisis hovering over the Amazon rainforests … What if the ‘lungs of the earth’ are over?

Amazonian rainforest spread over an area of ​​6 million square kilometers in South America, contains more than 40 thousand species of plants, 1300 birds and 430 mammals. Scientists believe that 6% -9% of the oxygen on Earth comes from here. This shows how much importance these rainforests have. However, 15–17 per cent of this is lost to human activities and the situation does not appear to be improving at the moment. In such a situation, the question is, what will happen if these ‘lungs of the earth’ are over?

How will it affect?

Any threat to Amazon will cause massive loss of lives. Ecosystems have a large role, ranging from giant animals to small insect insects. The threat of a small insect may pose a threat to the survival of a large creature dependent on it. Likewise, the entire food chain may crumble and biodiversity can suffer huge losses. Sebastian Lüzinger of the Auckland University of Technology says that if any species is lost, it will be lost forever and it will cause the greatest harm to Amazon. Its role in water and carbon storage will be affected and the 30 million people living there will be affected.

… then there will be disastrous results

The damage caused by the end of the ecosystem that provides food and shelter cannot be imagined. Lüzinger says that this will also have global politics, economy and social consequences. Amazon has 76 billion tons of carbon stores and if all the trees are cut down, then all the carbon will be released into the atmosphere. This would be 8 times more than the carbon emitted from human activities annually. This will obviously have disastrous consequences on the climate.

There will be no treatment

In addition, Amazon is also responsible for heavy water storage and recirculation. Luzinger says that if Amazon’s cloud system and its ability to recycle water were disturbed, the ecosystem would deteriorate and these rainforests would turn into dry savannas. These changes can only be seen when 20-40 percent of the trees are cut. Luzinger says that it is possible to plant these trees elsewhere, but it will take hundreds of years and such a huge area is not even available. If the circulation of water is prevented from cutting trees, it cannot be returned. The consequences of depleting water from forests will be visible on global climate change.


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