The 2,025 km long Kolyma Highway, located in the far eastern region of Russia, is once again in the headlines worldwide. Located in the Irkutsk region of Russia, this road has once again found human bones and skeletons. Local MP Nikolay Trufanov said that human bones are scattered with sand everywhere on the road. What a frightening sight this is, I cannot describe it. On the other hand, after the human bones came out from inside the road, the local police started investigating it. Let us know that this heart-pounding story of this highway, known as Bones Road….
Construction of bloody road started during Stalin’s time
It is being told that in the cold weather, vehicles do not slip on the road in this snow-covered area, for this, human bones have been mixed with sand and put on it. The story of the construction of this highway built in Stalin’s time is very frightening, in which two and a half million to 10 lakh people lost their lives. This highway connects Nijhne Bastayakh in the west with Magadan in the east. At one time, Kolayama was accessible only by sea or plane. Construction of this highway began during Stalin’s dictatorship in the Soviet Union in the 1930s. During this time its construction started in the year 1932 with the help of bonded laborers and prisoners of Sevvostalag Mazdoor Camp.
‘Bones road’ built from corpses of millions of prisoners
According to a New York Times report, 10 million prisoners and bonded laborers of Gulag were used to build this highway. These prisoners included both ordinary convicts and those convicted of political crime. Many of these prisoners were also the finest scientists of the Soviet Union. Among them was rocket scientist Sergei Korolev, who remained alive during this captivity and in 1961, he helped Russia send the first man into space. Among these prisoners was the great poet Varlam Shalmov, who spent 15 prison sentences in the Kolyama camp. He wrote about this camp, ‘There were dogs and bears who behaved more wisely and ethically than humans. He wrote in his book that after three weeks of dangerous work, cold, hunger and beating, he became an animal.
Prisoners used to die from cold, bear attacks and starvation
Antonina Novosad, 93, who served a 10-year prison sentence near Kolyama, says that the inmates who were building the road were shot when they gathered berry grains on the other side of the barbed wire. The dead prisoners were buried inside the road itself. The return rate of prisoners sent to this area was only 20 percent. Even those who ran from this camp were able to stay alive for only 2 weeks. During this time they either died of cold or died of bear attacks or starvation.