Dandi Yatra (Photo Credits: Wikimedia Commons)
Dandi March Anniversary: Dandi March is also known as Salt Satyagraha and Dandi Satyagraha. The Dandi Yatra began on 12 March 1930 under non-violent civil disobedience under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, which ended on 5 April 1930. This movement lasted for about 24 days. The word satyagraha is derived from the Sanskrit words satya (truth) and agar (insistence). Mahatma Gandhi had chosen the British Salt Act of 1882 as the first goal of Satyagraha. This post-journey which lasted for 24 days started from Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad (Ahmedabad) and reached Dandi, a small village in Navsari. The Dandi Yatra was an important satyagraha in the major movements launched by Mahatma Gandhi.
History of Dandi Travel
The Indian National Congress chose Satyagraha as its main strategy in the early 1930s to win Indian sovereignty and self-rule from British rule. For this, Mahatma Gandhi was appointed to organize the campaign. Dandi March spanned 240 miles (390 km), the Dandi Yatra was done from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi, then called Navsari, which is in Gujarat.
When Gandhiji broke the salt laws of the British Raj at 6.30 am on April 6, 1930, it caused massive civil disobedience against the salt laws by millions of Indians. The Dandi Yatra attracted worldwide attention towards the Indian independence movement. The Satyagraha against the salt tax continued for a year. More than 60,000 Indians were imprisoned due to the Salt Satyagraha. Also Read: Azadi Ka Amrut Mahotsav: PM Modi to inaugurate programs related to ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ from Sabarmati Ashram on March 12.
Importance of Dandi Travel
The Dandi Yatra was a movement against the British Raj’s monopoly on salt. In fact, the British rule had established its monopoly over things like tea, cloth and salt, due to which Indians did not have the right to make salt and Indians had to pay many times more money for salt coming from England. .
Those involved in the Dandi Yatra led by Gandhiji against this merciless law of the British, vowed to make salt from sea water. Gandhi started the journey with 79 of his trusted followers and traveled 240 miles to reach the seaside in Dandi, where he broke the British salt law by making salt in public. The Salt Satyagraha was the most important organized challenge against the British rule since the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920–22.